How to read a Moot Problem: Guide for first-time Mooters


Every moot helps us in learning in some way or the other. The more you participate in a moot court competition, the more likely you get to learn different things. If you are first-time mooter, you might feel nervous once the Moot Proposition release date approaches. Hang in there! Here is your guide on how to read Moot Problem.

1. Get your Copy Printed

The very first thing that you should do when you get your moot proposition is to get it printed, along with the rules and regulations. It is believed that when you read the moot problem with a hard copy, you understand better. Additionally, having hard copies handy will make it easy for you to refer to it. You should print at least 4 copies, if not more. Once you have gotten the copies printed, read all the rules and regulations of the Moot Court Competition and understand the qualification criteria. Different moots have different criteria so it will be fruitful for you to know your basics well. This will save you time as well as help you plan things ahead.

How to read Moot Problem? | Guide for first time Mooters

2. Read it as Much as Possible

Now that you have read the rules and regulations, it’s time to read the moot proposition. Read the moot problem as much as possible and as many times as possible. Out of the printed copies, paste one in front of your study table or on your door. Visibility enhances familiarity. Remember that each and every sentence of your moot proposition is important. Read it until and unless you are thorough with the facts of the case. Use highlighters to mark the important parts of the moot proposition. You should be ready with the facts of the case at the tip of your finger.

How to read Moot Problem? | Guide for first time Mooters


3. Identify ‘Material’ and ‘Immaterial’ Facts

There will be facts that are relevant from one side and are opposing the other side. These facts will help in framing both sides of the arguments. Understand that all the facts that have mentioned in the proposition are not relevant. Only those facts that help you in establishing your case in point are material. While framing your arguments, focus on the material facts. (Read: A Comprehensive List of Landmark Judgments For Any Constitutional Law Moot)


4. Identify the Issues

If the issues have already been given, you can skip this step. However, sometimes issues are not given to you in your moot proposition. Identifying issues is one of the key aspects of research. Once you have identified the relevant issues, think about the questions a judge might ask. This will help you in the grilling rounds.

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5. Identify the Keywords

Another important aspect would be to identify the correct keywords for researching smoothly. Try looking for words that have been emphasised. These words form the basis of your moot problem. With the accurate identification of keywords, your research will be narrowed down. (Read: Qualities of a Good Researcher)  Most of the moot propositions are based on some landmark cases that could be pending before the courts. The right keywords will help you identify the relevant case laws with much ease.

How to read Moot Problem? | Guide for first time Mooters

6. Identify the Jurisdiction

Another important aspect while reading the moot problem is to identify the correct jurisdiction. You should be very thorough with the jurisdiction. You should know whether you are filing under original or the appellate jurisdiction. Questions around this information are often asked in the preliminary rounds to test your knowledge.

Mooting for the first time can be challenging and often intimidating. However, as they say, once you get through the hesitation and fear, success makes way. Also, check out our article on Important Moot Court Terminologies.

Sample Moot Proposition

Click here to download a sample moot proposition

Hang tough for you have Memo Pundits, your one-stop solution to all your mooting queries. All the best, buddies! Happy Mooting.

About the Author: Akshat Tiwari is Student at NMIMS Kirit P Mehta School of Law, Mumbai. He likes mooting and is keen of doing research work. 

About the EditorShivangi Bajpai is a graduate from National Law University Odisha. As a fresher in law school, she was a part of an online law school magazine called Ergo ( which was largely a peer-connect platform for students from law fraternity.  She has remarkable research skills and was a researcher in Henry Dunant Moot Court Competition, in her second year of law school.  She considers herself a solution-oriented individual making her an effective problem solver.

Lipi Garg

Lipi Garg

Lipi is the Publishing Editor of Memo Pundits. For help in publishing details of any event, please email at

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